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How convertible debt works

How convertible debt works with simple explained example

A start-up company without a credit history doesn’t have an established track record and therefore lacks credibility with conventional lenders such as banks. Therefore, most start-up companies prefer to raise fund from investors. In order to raise fund via equity, most start-up companies need to calculate their face value. But, at the beginning stage of companies, it is impossible to figure out and calculate the business value. So, the convertible debt notes were primarily created to help start-up companies raise fund.

Convertible debt known as convertible bond or convertible note is a way for a business to borrow money by entering into an agreement whereby it can repay the loan in shares of its own stock. With convertible debt, a business owner borrows money from a lender known as an early round private VC or angel investor. Both parties agree to enter an agreement to repay the loan by converting it into number of common shares in the future. The loan agreement outlines issuance date, maturity date, timeframe, the price per share for conversion and the interest rate will be paid. Thus, lenders prefer the convertible debt because the borrowers will pay the fixed rate of interest with option to convert it stock. If the lenders do not want to convert the bonds to equity, they will receive the convertible debt’s face value at the maturity date. However, if the lenders convert the bonds to company equity, the bond will possess only equity features instead of debt features.

On the other hands, the fast growth companies with lower credit score prefer issuing convertible debts once they believe that the business value will increase over years in the future. So, the equity dilution will be reduced in order to protect shareholders. For example. If the company A want to raise $10 million and its share value is worth only $10, it would have to sell their 1 million shares to meet the target. Via the help of convertible debt, they can wait until the company share is worth $100 per share and sell only 100,000 shares.

6 Benefits of convertible bonds

  1. The convertible debt include discount and valuation cap to mitigate the risks of investors.
  2. It protect early round private VC or angel investors from dilution if the companies do next round of financing.
  3. The companies can save more money because investors are willing accept low interest payment with option to convert it to stock.
  4. Convertible bonds allow companies to benefit from interest tax savings since the interest payments are tax-deductible,
  5. If a company is not willing to dilute its stock shares at the present time and believe the business value increases in the future, it is good option to consider convertible bond to raise fund from VC or angel investors.
  6. The convertible note investors can get back their amount of principal once the start-up company fails. If the company is successful, the investors can enjoy capital appreciation. If the share price of stock is higher than amount, forced conversion usually happens because the company owns a right to convert them.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

  • 1. What if you want to buy durians that are already pre-packed?

    Sometimes we don't have the opportunity to choose and buy whole durians. Here’re tips you can test the packaged durians with the unfrozen variety.

    Use your finger  to lightly trace over the surface of the yellow flesh. If the durian flesh feels tender and soft, then it's ripe. If the durian flesh is hard to the touch, then that part of the fruit is unripe. If the durian flesh yields too quickly, it is too ripe.

    Next, smell each of the pre-packed fruits and see if you can tell which one is ripe already. If its smell is raw, then it is probably not ripe. If its smell is over-powering and strong, it is likely overripe.  It should smell somewhere in between raw and overpowering.

  • 2. Where to buy good durians in Singapore?

    Here is a guide that can help you get the best durians in Singapore, make durian order online and deliver durians to your doorstep.

  • 3. What is best way to eat durian in Southeast Asia Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia, etc?

    In Southeast Asia, local people eat durian with coconut milk and sticky rice.

  • 4. What is the taste of durian?

    If the durian is too ripe, it may be pungent or overly bitter. If the durian isn't ripe enough, the flesh will be hard and probably flavorless.

Thank you for reading this post. If you enjoy this post, please share it with your friends or family members. Let’s get life transformed together! Many thanks.

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